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The Red Lodge, Bristol

The Red Lodge, Bristol

Description:

The Red Lodge, Park Row, Bristol. The Red Lodge, now a museum, is the last remaining building of the Young family estate. The Great House, also part of the estate, stood where the Colston Hall stands today. The Red Lodge was built in around 1590. In 1854 the house became the country’s first girls’ reform school, set up by the social pioneer Mary Carpenter.

Creator: BCC Museum

Date: 1590

Copyright: Copyright BCC Museum

Theobroma cacao tree

Theobroma cacao tree

Description:

Picture: Theobroma cacao tree, from Historica by Bezoni .

By permission of the British Library

Creator: Bezoni

Date: 1572

Copyright: Copyright The British Library

Object ID:(BL Shelfmark: 278.a.39)

Head of an oba

Head of an oba or king from Benin

Description:

Head of an oba (king), from the Edo people of Benin, West Africa, mid to late 16th century. When each oba died, a shrine was made in his memory. Brass heads like this one were placed on the shrine, alongside ivory tusks amd other items. All the objects in the oba’s palace were removed by a British naval expedition in 1898. Benin came under British control and the Oba was sent into exile.

Creator: Edo

Date: mid to late 16th century

Copyright: Copyright BCC Museum

Object ID:Ea 7821

Head of an Oba or king

Description:

Head of an oba (king), from the Edo people of Benin, West Africa, mid to late 16th century. When each oba died, a head would be created to be placed on an ancestral shrine alongside other objects. The heads served as mediums through which ancestors could ask the spirits of their descendants for the wealth of the kingdom. Brass was highly valued by the Edo, as it was rare and expensive. As it was red and shiny when new, it signified beauty. As the metal never corrodes or rusts it also signified the continuity of kingship. The head is depicted wearing a coral crown, part of the royal regalia, which could only be worn by the king. All the objects in the oba’s palace were removed by a British naval expedition in 1898. Benin came under British control and the Oba was sent into exile.

Creator: Edo of Benin

Date: mid to late 16th century

Copyright: Copyright BCC Museum

Object ID:Ea 7821

Portrait, Queen Elizabeth I

Portrait, Queen Elizabeth I

Description:

Queen Elizabeth I became concerned with the increasing number of black people in England, and in 1596 she ordered that all black people be deported to Spain and Portugal, to be exchanged for English prisoners of war. She had to repeat the order in 1601, ordering her subjects to deliver up their Negroes and blackamoores.

The language used to describe people of African descent in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries is unacceptable in today’s terms. We cannot avoid using this language in its original context. To change the words would impose 20th century attitudes on history.

Creator: British School

Date: c.1570s

Copyright: Copyright BCC Museum

Head of an oba

An object placed on a dead king's shrine

Description:

Head of an oba (king), from the Edo people of Benin, West Africa, mid to late 16th century. When each oba died, a shrine was made in his memory. Brass heads like this one were placed on the shrine, alongside ivory tusks amd other items. All the objects in the oba’s palace were removed by a British naval expedition in 1898. Benin came under British control and the Oba was sent into exile.

Creator: Edo

Date: Mid to late 16th century

Copyright: Copyright BCC Museum

Object ID:Ea 7821

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